Team 6 leaders: Pr. Antoine Roquilly & Dr. Jérémie Poschmann
 

Research program

Team 6 has a long-standing interest in understanding immune response to bacterial infections using a translational approach. Our scientific field covers most aspects of the host-pathogen relationships in both patients and animal models. Overall, our projects aim to better understand the acquired immunosuppression occurring after an acute inflammatory stress, with a focus on long-term alterations of mononuclear phagocytes and T cells. Our research is a hybrid approach based on hypothesis driven and discovery research. For this, we use state of the art "omics" approaches coupled to comprehensive bioinformatics to generate hypotheses, which we then test in animal models and patients cohorts. Concurrently, our team develops microbiological analyses to monitor adaptation of pathogens to host during acute inflammation.




Our research program, which includes fundamental and translational aspects, is organized around 3 major axes:

Axis 1: Host-pathogens interactions in the lungs

Projects in this axis aim to decipher the role of cellular environment and of respiratory microbiota on the regulation of the functions of mucosal mononuclear phagocytes. We will use validated mice models with the goal to demonstrate the role of altered host-pathogens interactions in the susceptibility to pneumonia (COVID-19 or not), and to lung cancer.

Axis 2: Inflammatory state and its role in human pathophysiology

Projects in this axis aim to validate the role of cellular environment and of microbiota on mononuclear phagocytes in critically ill patient cohorts at risk of respiratory complications. Using high-throughput strategies (ChIP-seq and single cell RNA-seq, and omics apporaches), we will build clinico-biological scores by computational analysis to develop sub-phenotypes of inflammatory responses ,and associate thos sub-phenotypes with patient outcomes. In addition, we apply this approach to study immune signaling in transplantation rejection and psychosis related disorders.

Axis 3: Development of immunotherapies and precision medicine approaches

In the axis 3, capitalizing on knowledge of the emerging concept of the role of critical illness-indeced immunosuppression on infection outcomes, we will develop and validate new drugs to improve prevention and treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia by restoring the immune competence of hospitalized patients. We will also develop means to reduce multidrug resistant organism intestinal colonization and bloodstream infection.

 

Research Scientists

Antoine Roquilly
Antoine Roquilly
PU-PH
 
Jeremie Poschmann
Jeremie Poschmann
CR INSERM
 
Karim Asehnoune
Karim Asehnoune
PU-PH
 
Emmanuel Montassier
Emmanuel Montassier
PU-PH
 
Aurelien Serandour
Aurélien Serandour
MCU
 
Nathalie Caroff
Nathalie Caroff
MCU

Lise Cremet
MCU-PH


 

Clinicians

Marwan BOURAS - PH
David BOUTOILLE - PU-PH
Alexis CHENOUARD - PH
Benjamin GABORIT - PH
Danila VALMORI - PU-PH
Mickaël VOURC'H - PH

Research assistants

Alexis BROQUET - IR
Tanguy CHAUMETTE - IR
Marion DAVIEAU - TCH
Sandie DELANOU - TCH
Guillaume DEROZIERES - Administrative support
Valeria Leonor DUTANPATINO - TCH
Cynthia FOURGEUX - IH
Victor GOURAIN - IE
Cédric JACQUELINE - IR
Sylvie LEBARON - AJT
Virginie LE MABECQUE - TCH
Raymonde MENARD - AJT
Julie MIGNON - AI
Emmanuelle SECHET - Grant Manager